Web Hosting Terms

Terms used in the Web Hosting Industry

Anonymous FTP: Anonymous File Transfer Protocol. It enables users to use a common login Id to log into a File Transfer Protocol server, thereby eliminating the need to secure a different password for anyone who wishes to download files from the Internet. This is not required unless you plan to give people access to downloadable files.

ASP: Active Server Pages. It is a widely used Microsoft scripting language facilitating the use of online files.

Auto responder: It is a computer program that can send an automatic reply to the emails sent to it.

Bandwidth (Data Transfer): The volume of data, in the form of texts, images, audio and video files that can be transferred within per unit of time. Rate of data transfer is usually expressed in bits per second (bps) or bytes per second. With every visit to a web page, the size of the visited webpage is added to the monthly bandwidth

CGI: Common Gateway Interface or CGI as it is mostly known is a program that defines how data from web server software can be delegated to a text-based application. Applications of this nature are known as CGI scripts that can be written in any programming language

CGI-BIN: An index on a web server that has all the CGI programs stocked up within it. CGI scripting can be used for adding several interactive elements to a web site

CGI Library: Some hosts offer a set of previously prepared CGI scripts in order to allow addition of various interactive aspects to your website.

Control Panel: A part of the Microsoft Windows operating system that allows users to see and control basic system settings through applets. With this online interface one can add hardware, add or remove a software and control user accounts. Change in accessibility options is facilitated by the control panel

Database: A systematic collection of data and other information sources in a digital form that can aid in searching, sorting and recompiling of data. Data Transfer (Bandwidth): Quantity of data that is allowed to be transmitted to and from your web site either by downloading files or uploading documents or visiting web pages and downloading emails. Amount of data transferred is measured in bytes, kilo bytes (KB), mega bytes (MB) or giga bytes (GB)

Dedicated Servers (Dedicated Hosting): They are servers given on rent for use to a single customer but owned by a particular web hosting company. Websites that require a large volume of data to be transferred, a lot of disk space and those with specific software requirements can choose to rent a dedicated server. This kind of server stands in contrast to shared Web hosting

Disk Space (Storage Space): The total volume of contents in the form of multi-media files, images, text documents that can be uploaded to a certain server that you share with other users or on a server with a dedicated hosting. In order to find the actual amount of storage one needs online, one needs to first check the disk space. A webpage with larger content will need more disk space to fit in all the contents.

Domain Name: It is an identification label to describe the authority and administrative autonomy in the Internet. It can be translated into a web server's IP address by DNS. Suffix in a domain name is an indication of the top level domain (TLD) to which it belongs.

eCommerce: It is an abbreviated form for Electronic Commerce that refers to the process of purchasing and selling of goods via the Internet.

Email Forwarding: It refers to the function of re-sending an email message that has been sent to a particular email address on to a possibly different email id. It facilitates a user to redirect the mail delivered to on address and forward it to one or different other email addresses for easy checking and responding. Administrators often use this term when they talk of client-based server-based and forwarding.

Firewall: It is a computer system that can be implemented in either software or hardware and even in a combination of both to block unauthorized access to a computer or network FrontPage: It is an HTML editor tool from the Microsoft Windows line of operative systems that can be used to develop and keep in tact web sites.

FrontPage Extensions: It is a software technology equipped with a set of programs and scripts that facilitate particular features of a website created with Microsoft FrontPage to perform in the correct manner.

FTP: File Transfer Protocol is the extended form of FTP. It is the mostly widely used way to transfer files, including downloading and uploading across the Internet. It allows files to be uploaded and downloaded from servers to computers

GB: Unit symbol for Gigabyte. It is a measure of computer data storage capacity.One unit symbol of gigabyte is around a billion bytes.

IMAP: It is the abbreviated form of Internet Message Access Protocol referring to a way that facilitates an email client to access email as have been stored on a remote mail server.It is one of the most common Internet standard protocols for e-mail retrieval.

IP Address: Internet Protocol Address is a unique identification number given to a computer that is connected to the Internet in order to differentiate it from other computers on the Internet.

KB: It is the unit symbol of Kilobyte. A multiple of the unit byte. One kilobyte is 1000 bytes.

Linux: A type of an operating system and hosting used by web servers. It is similar to UNIX and can be installed on diverse range of computer hardware

Managed Hosting: It is one of the most prevalent forms of Web hosting in which the client do not have to share his server with anyone but he can get on rent an entire server. This type of web hosting offers more flexibility than shared hosting. It is also known as dedicated server or dedicated hosting server.

MB: Unit symbol of Megabyte that refers to a multiple unit of a million bytes. One MB is around a thousand kilobytes.

Merchant Account: This kind of bank account is designed for processing of the credit cards online. It allows businesses to accept payments by credit card or debit cards

Microsoft Access: It is a low-end, pseudo-relational database management method from the Microsoft and a part of the Microsoft Office suite of applications

Miva Empressa: It is an XML-based server scripting language that allows developers to build complex Web applications and is installed on most Windows and UNIX servers

Miva Merchant: An active browser-based development and management system that can create and manage an online store from anywhere across the world, helping manufacturers to take their products to a vast market with limited investment.

MS SQL: Microsoft SQL Server. It is a relational database model management system from Microsoft.

MySQL: It is referred to as a widely used open-source relational database server and a relational development and management system that allows multi-user access to multiple databases

Payment Gateway: It is a mechanism that authorizes and eases the processing as well as managing of transaction via the Internet.

Perl: It is referred to an interpreted programming language that provides more support for management of data and its processing. This programming language is used for scanning random text files, getting out relevant information from those text files and printing reports based on that information

PHP: A type of a scripting language whose commands is set in the HTML of a Web page and is highly effective in the domain of dynamically created pages.

POP: Post Office Protocol. This standard protocol allows a user to get access to his lost mail from a mail server

POP3 Email Account: It is a mechanism by which all the emails can be addressed to your domain to be delivered to a single place. A user can have access to separate email address in case a host allows multiple POP3 email boxes

Server: A system that allows files to be stored and also can be used for maintaining resources on the network. Requests for web pages is also dealt with this computer/deviceSetup Fee: It refers to the amount of money charged as an initial fee by a web hosting company for the purpose to develop your individual hosting account.

Shared Web Hosting: They are the type of servers that are leased out for use to multiple users but owned by a particular web hosting company. It facilitates hosting of various sites on a single server by allowing multiple websites to share the same set of resources as provided by a single server. It is the most prevalent and cheapest hosting facility

Shopping Cart Software: A software that enables viewers and users of a website to add and even remove products from an online shopping cart and eases the process of buying items from online stores. Most e-commerce sites make use of this software since it allows consumers to browse and buy items via the Internet.

SMTP: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. It is a standard protocol designed for easing the process of sending email.

SQL: Structured Query Language. An interpreted programming language that allows users to access, update and manage data with the help of its relational model database server

SSI: Server Side Includes. Web site developers and administrators make use of this method with the objective of updating the content of their websites. A web server can dynamically add this variable value to a web page

SSL: Secure Sockets Layer. With this mechanism, a user can be guaranteed encrypted and authenticated communications on the Web. Acts as a security tool in online business transaction.

Static (Dedicated) IP Address: As opposed to dynamic IP addressing where one can have different IP addresses with each connection to the web server, static IP address helps your website to get a unique and unchanging IP address that cannot be shared with other websites.

Storage Space (Disk Space): Amount of the storage capacity for uploading and downloading audio files, video files, HTML files, images, graphics and so on. Website that have to use a lot of texts, images and graphics also require a greater amount of storage space

Sub-domain: A separate section of a website that is set apart with a different domain name.

Uptime: It refers to the number of times a particular website can be accessed by users on the Internet. Expressed usually in percentage form.

UNIX: Most web servers make use of this popular text-based, multitasking operating system that allows many people to use it at the same time.

Virtual Private Servers: A separate virtual machine that is designed for use by an individual customer of the Web hosting company. Each hosting space is given a certain amount of dedicated resources

Virtual Web Hosting: A low-cost website hosting option that allows hosting of multiple domain names on a computer using a single IP address.It is one of the most commonly used hosting application since it allows hosting of multiple sites on a single server

WAP: Wireless Application Protocol. Open and global set of specifications that enable wireless devise users to easily access information and services instantly. It enables fast delivery of services and required information for mobile users

Web-based Email: An advantage of a web-based email is that an individual can access emails from any computer connected to the Internet and a web browser

Web Statistics: A vital tool for website developers to see how many visitors view their websites each day. This also gives you all the required statistics ranging from basic information to more advanced information such as URL, search phrase, etc.

Windows Hosting: It refers to a method by which a web server can host its application with the use of the Microsoft Windows server software as the key component of its hosting operation.

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